200 Plus

Did You Pass or Fail?

By THOMAS P. FARNER | Jan 09, 2019

Welcome back to the pages of The SandPaper. After two long, wet weeks, it looks like this might be the year without a winter. Before we begin the New Year, which will focus on attempts 100 years ago to change the U.S. Constitution, it’s time to grade the 2018 test. Give yourself four points for each correct answer plus another four if you correctly identified the bonus.

MULTIPLE CHOICE

Choose the correct letter.

1. Most local men who trained at Camp Dix in World War I became part of this unit: C. the 78th Lightning Division. It would be in action until the last days of the war.

2. At the height of the influenza outbreak at Camp Dix, the death rate hit: A. one every 20 minutes; almost 80 would die in a single day.

3. In April 1918, a movie was banned and its producer sentenced to 10 years in prison. The offending picture was: C. “The Spirit of ’76.” The problem was that in this movie the British were the enemy.

4. During the summer of 1918, testing took place at Lakehurst, N.J., on: C. The effectiveness of poison gas. Hundreds of farm animals were sent to their death during this test.

5. The largest U.S. warship sunk in American waters during World War I was: B. USS San Diego. Recently the U.S. Navy formally announced the ship had struck a mine.

6. In July 1918, shells from a German U-boat actually fell on an American beach located on: C. Cape Cod. The U-boat was firing on the tug boat Perth Amboy.

7. Feeling that spies were aiding U-boats off the Jersey Shore, federal agents illegally broke into and searched a summer home located in: E. Beach Haven. Federal agents would keep the town under surveillance for the entire war.

8. When the U.S. Army dynamited the hulk of the transport Sumner, local residents claimed they damaged this Jersey landmark: B. Barnegat Lighthouse. Most also felt it was causing erosion, which was threatening the landmark.

9. This dog became the fictional mascot of the U.S. Life-Saving Services’ Ship Bottom station number 20: B. Breeches Buoy Pontiac. All the others except the fictional Old Yeller were famous real-life Newfoundlands.

10. The last push in World War I for the U.S. Army took place at: B. The Muse Argonne. American soldiers would die up until the last minute of World War I.

MATCHING

Match the name of the ship with its description.

11. Ship Bottom lifesavers received gold medals for rescuing its crew. D. Abiel Abbott.

12. It served a long career in the Pacific before meeting its end off LBI. B. USAT Sumner.

13. Ocean liner torpedoed southeast of Beach Haven. A. SS Carolina.

14. Hundreds of Doughboys died on the ship when it suffered an attack of the flu on its voyage to Europe. C. Leviathan.

15. Sunk by a mine off LBI only days before the World War I armistice was announced. F. Chaparra.

TRUE OR FALSE

16. Soldiers literally fell from the ranks as the flu struck them on the march from Camp Merritt in Bergen County to the awaiting troop ships. True.

17. After a 1,000-mile ordeal in a lifeboat, the crew of the Texel was rescued off Barnegat Light. False; the Texel was sunk only a few miles off the Jersey coast.

18. Ocean County was fortunate to be spared any fatalities during the 1918 flu pandemic. False; the fall of 1918 saw local families decimated by the disease.

19. In October 1918, the wife of the Barnegat Lighthouse keeper entered the surf to pull a lifeboat ashore. True; unfortunately, she was not recognized for her heroism by the government.

20. In August 1918, the American Sub Chaser 209 was sunk by friendly fire off the coast of New Jersey. True.

21. One of the reasons the Spanish flu spread so rapidly was that the government permitted war-related rallies and parades to continue even after schools, movie theaters, etc. were closed. True.

22. One of the reasons Barnegat Lighthouse was in danger of being washed away in the 1920s was that the wreck of the SS Carolina had shifted the sandbar and caused erosion. False; the Carolina was sunk in deep water

23. Many Americans wrongly celebrated the end of the war in Europe days before the formal announcement on Nov. 11, 1918. True.

24. The Army transport Sumner brought the body of the World War I Unknown Soldier to the United States in 1919. False; the Sumner brought back bodies from what was called the Philippine insurrection.

25. Survivors of the SS Carolina sinking rowed ashore and landed on the beach at Asbury Park. False; they landed on the beach at Atlantic City.

BONUS: On June 2, 1918, a U-boat sank five Allied ships off LBI. Name the victorious German U-boat. Capt. Heinrich Nostitz and the U-15, with orders to bring World War I to the shores of America, had a record-setting day off LBI.

Total your score.

92-104: you probably attended a college that permitted free speech and the exchange of controversial ideas.

80-88: you can probably name all of the museums on LBI.

68-76: you read on Facebook that fake news is something new.

0-64: you believe that banning plastic bags is only the first step on the road to eco-fascism.

Next Week: Alice Paul just won’t quit.

tpfcjf@comcast.net

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