200 Plus

Time to Get Your Score

By THOMAS P. FARNER | Jan 10, 2018

You survived the bitter cold blast of winter and now are looking forward to an early spring. Here the future holds stories about local men entering the trenches of France and New Jersey suffering its worst pandemic in history, while local citizens started asking questions about the strange clouds over Lakehurst.

But before we move forward, it’s time to grade your 2017 year-end test. Give yourself four points for each correct answer plus another four if you correctly answered the bonus.

MULTIPLE CHOICE

1. The Constitutional Amendment that permitted federal government regulation of alcohol was the: B. 18th; it was repealed by the 21st.

2. The law that enforced the prohibition amendment was known as B. The Volstead Act; its passage marked the start of Prohibition.

3. In President Wilson’s speech asking for a declaration of war, he referred to what has been known as the Zimmerman telegram. The subject of it was E. A proposal to Mexico to make war on the U.S. In return Mexico would receive the land it lost to the United States after the Mexican war.

4. Shortly after the declaration of war, the United States formed the Committee on Public Information in an attempt to gain support for the war effort. Its head was A. George Creel, a former advertising executive.

5. One of the leaders of the anti-draft movement was a woman who would eventually be sent to prison for speaking and writing in opposition to conscription: D. Emma Goldman; she was also implicated in the assassination of President McKinley.

6. At Camden in June 1917, under heavy security, the Navy launched its newest battleship, the E. USS Idaho. The ship didn’t see any combat until World War II.

7. When women suffragettes, arrested for picketing the White House, demanded that they be treated as political prisoners, they organized A. a hunger strike; in response, the government turned to force-feeding the protesters.

8. New Jersey rejected the prohibition amendment, and the new governor claimed the state would become a sanctuary “as wet as the Atlantic Ocean.” He was A. Edward Edwards; the state even fought a losing battle in court to stop Prohibition.

9. One of the first Ocean County men drafted was the wealthy son of a prominent U.S. family: B. the Goulds; their home in Lakewood was called Georgian Court.

10. Even before the declaration of war on Germany in 1917, U.S. Marines were sent to guard what local landmark? C. The Tuckerton wireless tower; once war began, the Germans who ran it were interned.

MATCHING

Match the location with the event it is associated with. There will be one left over.

11. Barnegat, N.J. E. Hundreds of bottles of high-quality liquor were found buried in the woods near here.

12. Crab Island. C. Became a drop-off point for local bootleggers.

13. Tuckerton, N.J. F. Christmas trees from here were sent to the poor of New York City in 1917.

14. Wrightstown, N.J. B. Chosen as the site for Camp Dix.

15. Ocean County Jail. A. Dozens of confiscated cases of liquor needed as evidence disappeared from here.

TRUE OR FALSE

16. New Jersey’s Camp Dix was named to honor mental health crusader Dorothea Dix. False it was named for a New York politician.

17. Alice Paul began picketing the White House on July 4, 1917. False she started in January 1917 before war was declared.

18. In the spring of 1917, government agents investigated the charge that the Germans were constructing a submarine in a Beach Haven garage. True; the garage was torn down in the 1960s.

19. Shortly after the declaration of war, the government banned any critical newspapers from the U.S. mail. True; this was done to stifle government critics.

20. The vote for the declaration of war on Germany was unanimous in both the U.S. House of Representatives and Senate. False; in the House of Representatives the vote was 373 to 50; the Senate, 80 to 6.

21. The land for Camp Dix was donated to the U.S. government by John D. Rockefeller. False; dozens of farms were confiscated by the federal government.

22. In order to save food for the Allies, Americans were asked to conserve meat, wheat and sugar. True; wheatless and meatless days became a fact of life.

23. In protest of the brutal treatment of women picketing the White House, Dudley Field Malone resigned his post in the Wilson administration. True; he then represented the women in court.

24. One of the first draftees to report to Camp Dix was Clarence Brown, a bayman from Parkertown. True; he was driven there by several friends.

25. Thanksgiving 1917 was canceled in order to save food for the war effort. False; but the public was urged not to serve cranberries.

BONUS

When word that the poor children of New York City would not have Christmas trees in 1917, this Jersey Shore resident said, “Not if I can help it,” and organized an entire town to cut local trees. The unsung hero of Christmas 1917 was Thomas Wilson; other residents allowed the trees to be cut from their property.

Total your score.

92-104: You were probably the first to notice winters don’t seem to be as cold as when you were younger.

80-88: Don’t  let anyone call you a snowflake.

68-76: You are probably part of the movement to boycott $20 bills.

0-64: You think the First Amendment protects only your freedom of speech.

Next Week: Hollywood at war.

tpfcjf@comcast.net

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